These adjectives are used when we describe how something or someone makes us feel, but there is a difference between -ing and -ed.
These are used to describe the person who experiences the effect
. These sentences use the passive voice.
||Meaning, using active voice
|He is interested in this subject.
||(The subject interests him. It doesn’t necessarily interest everyone.)
|I am bored by this book.
||(The book bores me.)
|She was very frightened by the film/movie.
||(The film/movie frightened her.)
|We were annoyed by the noise.
||(The noise annoyed us.)
These are used to describe the person or thing that causes the effect
. It can be used to make general
statements as well as to describe our own reactions.
|This subject is interesting.
||(Meaning: ‘I think that people in general will be interested by this subject’)
|I thought the book was boring. / I found the book boring.
||(Meaning: ‘I was bored by the book, and thought that people in general would be bored by it’)
|The film was very frightening. She doesn’t like frightening films
||(Meaning: films that are likely to or designed to frighten people)
|What’s that annoying noise?
||A noise that annoys me and would probably annoy most people
Download this week’s PDF
You can find more information about -ing and -ed adjectives in HTML format
– or in PDF format
(from BBC Learning English website – a great resource – check it out!)
Test yourself (download the test and answers here
I was very _________________ when I heard the news.
The news _________________ me.
The news was very _______________.
My job is ___________.
I am always __________ when I get home from work.
He was ________________ by our plans for a holiday in Mexico.
He finds planning holidays very ____________________.