Adjectives with -ing and -ed

These adjectives are used when we describe how something or someone makes us feel, but there is a difference between -ing and -ed. -ed adjectives These are used to describe the person who experiences the effect. These sentences use the passive voice.
-ed sentence Meaning, using active voice
He is interested in this subject. (The subject interests him. It doesn’t necessarily interest everyone.)
I am bored by this book. (The book bores me.)
She was very frightened by the film/movie. (The film/movie frightened her.)
We were annoyed by the noise. (The noise annoyed us.)
-ing adjectives These are used to describe the person or thing that causes the effect. It can be used to make general statements as well as to describe our own reactions.
This subject is interesting. (Meaning: ‘I think that people in general will be interested by this subject’)
I thought the book was boring. / I found the book boring. (Meaning: ‘I was bored by the book, and thought that people in general would be bored by it’)
The film was very frightening. She doesn’t like frightening films (Meaning: films that are likely to or designed to frighten people)
What’s that annoying noise? A noise that annoys me and would probably annoy most people
Download this week’s PDF. You can find more information about -ing and -ed adjectives in HTML format – or in PDF format (from BBC Learning English website – a great resource – check it out!) Test yourself (download the test and answers here). Test yourself 1. Surprise I was very _________________ when I heard the news. The news _________________ me. The news was very _______________. 2. Tire My job is ___________. I am always __________ when I get home from work. 3. Excite He was ________________ by our plans for a holiday in Mexico. He finds planning holidays very ____________________.